Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana Overview

In this article I will give a detailed overview of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is a government of India scheme which ensures the promotion of organic farming.

Is Organic Food Really Good?

Before going into the details of PKVY Scheme I would like to highlight that organic food in general is popular more for what it does not contain than for what it does – namely synthetic fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides. And this in itself has a huge effect on your health, and the health of our environment.

Is Organic Food Something New?

Organic food industry is a big and growing industry in the West today, as they are slowly realizing the harmful side-effects of mechanized farming,   strong pesticides/ insecticides and livestock pumped up with steroids and antibiotics. India, a predominantly agricultural country, after having experimented with Western-style farming for 50 years is now going back to its traditional organic farming methods which she has been practicing for millennia. Earlier I have talked about 23 Major Benefits of Organic Diet.

Organic Farming in India

Schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) helps in developing organic clusters and make available chemical free inputs to farmers.

There has been a 17 fold increase in cultivated area under certified organic farming in last one decade (42,000 ha in 2003-04 to 7.23 lakh ha in 2013-14) – which implies that organic farming in India has grown at 33% per annum CAGR over the last decade.

In 2001, Government of India implemented the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP). This program involves the promotion of organic farming, accreditation program for certification agencies, norms for organic production etc. Nagaland, Mizoram, Sikkim, Uttaranchal, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Kerala have been promoting organic farming.

The government has been promoting organic farming through various schemes/ programs under:

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana Wiki

  • Groups of farmers would be encouraged to take up organic farming under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).
  • Under this scheme, 50 or more farmers will form a cluster of 50 acre land to use organic farming.
  • In 3 years 10,000 clusters will be formed covering 5.0 lakh acre area under organic farming.
  • Farmers will have no liability for expenditure on certification.
  • Government will give every Rs. 20,000 per acre in three years for seed to harvesting of crops and to transport produce to the market.
  • Rs 300 crore has been allocated for the scheme during the year 2015-16.

India holds the second largest agricultural land in the world [157.35 million hectares]. Schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is helping to develop organic clusters and make available chemical free inputs to farmers. Along with Agricultural Technology Management Agency(ATMA) , Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, agriculture sector promises attractive opportunities. Agriculture GDP growth for the current year is estimated at 4.6 per cent compared to 4.0 per cent in the last four years. A sustainable growth of 4 per cent is to be achieved each year. Thus there is huge scope in this sector, especially in organic farming in India.

Organic food is far superior to conventional food. Historically a country like India has always believed that as humans we must respect and revere nature because we are an integral part of it. And keeping this philosophy in mind, our farming methods have always been organic and natural. Unfortunately, some 50 years back to embrace “modern farming techniques” Indian farmers were incentivized to follow Western agricultural practices and methods of mono-cropping, using strong artificial synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides and herbicides. Today we can see the harm it has caused – underground water levels are depleted, water table is contaminated with chemicals from these pesticides, bugs have been more resistant and require stronger chemicals, soil quality has deteriorated and many previously green places have become arid and desert-like.

However we have now realized our mistakes and hopefully we will move to modernized “traditional” agriculture rather than Westernized agriculture, and see how of the damage can be undone. Organic farming is fast picking up pace and some of the positive changes are already visible in some places and communities. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is a great initiative in this regard.

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IBEF Report on Agriculture, 2016

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Subhodeep Mukhopadhyay

I am an independent Management Consultant. In my previous corporate career, I have worked in Banking, Private Equity and Software industry. I like doing equity research and financial analysis in my free time. I also enjoy reading and writing on history and current affairs related matters.

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